What is Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy?

Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy (OMT) is a muscle-based therapy approach for children, teens, and adults. We work closely with dentists, orthodontists, and medical doctors to create an individualized plan for you.

OMT consists of:

Improving resting tongue, lip, and jaw positioning for proper facial development

Treatment of tongue thrust

Elimination of oral habits such as thumb sucking, pacifier use, and nail biting

Neuromusuclar re-education following tongue, lip, and buccal tie revisions

OMT aids in:

Easier eating, drinking, and speaking

Creating adequate space for teeth, which can help teeth maintain placement following orthodontic work (braces)

Improving sleep quality

Supports the treatment of speech errors

What is temporomandibular disorder (TMD)?

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are disorders of the jaw muscles, temporomandibular joints, and the nerves associated with chronic facial pain. Any problem that prevents the complex system of muscles, bones, and joints from working together in harmony may result in temporomandibular disorder.

Classification of TMD

The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research classifies TMD by the following:

The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research classifies TMD by the following:

This is the most common form of TMD. It results in discomfort or pain in the fascia (connective tissue covering the muscles) and muscles that control jaw, neck and shoulder function.

Internal derangement of the joint.

This means a dislocated jaw or displaced disk, (cushion of cartilage between the head of the jaw bone and the skull), or injury to the condyle (the rounded end of the jaw bone that articulates with the temporal skull bone).

Degenerative joint disease.

This includes osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis in the jaw joint.

You can have one or more of these conditions at the same time.

What are the signs and symptoms of TMD?

The following are the most common signs and symptoms of TMD:


Jaw discomfort or soreness (often most prevalent in the morning or late afternoon)




Pain spreading behind the eyes, in the face, shoulder, neck, and/or back


Earaches or ringing in the ears (not caused by an infection of the inner ear canal)


Clicking or popping of the jaw


Locking of the jaw


Limited mouth motions


Clenching or grinding of the teeth




Sensitivity of the teeth without the presence of an oral health disease


Numbness or tingling sensation in the fingers


A change in the way the upper and lower teeth fit together

*Information taken from hopkinsmedicine.org

Continuing Education

Our therapists continue to take various trainings on Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders and how they impact breathing issues associated with sleep, obstructive sleep apnea, tethered oral tissues (tongue tie, lip tie, buccal ties), and tempromandibular joint discomfort (TMJ).

Still have questions? Call the clinic to schedule a free 15-minute phone screening or click here